Soner, M., Guven, M., Ozcelik, G., Tokgonul, S. et al., "Effect of Leaf Springs on Suspension and Steering System," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1203, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1203.
Besides the innovative work in the commercial vehicles sector, where there is an ever growing competition, lighter, more comfortable, safer, and more robust products are also being developed through optimization of design parameters of currently available systems. This study explains the possible effects of changing the design parameters of leaf springs on a vehicle's driving dynamics, which has a significant effect on the total weight of the vehicle. These effects include the vehicle's suspension specifications and the suspension system's interaction with the steering system. A virtual vehicle model is analyzed under the loads gathered in road tests, to measure the stress levels on the spring layers and the movement of the leaf spring depending on the limits determined by the vehicle manufacturer. Furthermore, the conformity of the movement of the front axles in connection with the leaf spring with the steering system is also analyzed. In these analyses, vertical loading, braking forward and braking backward load cases are taken into consideration.