Jung, D., Lee, J., Lee, B., and Kim, S., "The Development of FR-Based 4WD Multi-Link Suspension," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1235, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1235.
In this paper FR (Front Engine, Rear wheel Drive) based 4WD 5-link independent suspension systems are introduced which are developed for low friction road stability in the winter. The arrangement of the lower control arm of the newly developed suspensions has been changed in order to correspond to 4WD layout. And basic performance is satisfied due to the addition of the driveline. Also NVH (Noise, Vibration and Harshness) performance has improved, to enhance the comfort of the vehicle