Cheng, S., Tsubokura, M., Okada, Y., Nakashima, T. et al., "Aerodynamic Pitching Stability of Sedan-Type Vehicles Influenced by Pillar-Shape Configurations," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1258, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1258.
The present study investigated the aerodynamic pitching stability of sedan-type vehicles under the influence of A- and C-pillar geometrical configurations. The numerical method used for the investigation is based on the Large Eddy Simulation (LES) method. Whilst, the Arbitrary Lagrangian-Eulerian (ALE) method was employed to realize the prescribed pitching oscillation of vehicles during dynamic pitching and fluid flow coupled simulations. The trailing vortices that shed from the A-pillar and C-pillar edges produced the opposite tendencies on how they affect the aerodynamic pitching stability of vehicles. In particular, the vortex shed from the A-pillar edge tended to enhance the pitching oscillation of vehicle, while the vortex shed from the C-pillar edge tended to suppress it. Hence, the vehicle with rounded A-pillar and angular C-pillar exhibited a higher aerodynamic damping than the vehicle with the opposite A- and C-pillars configurations. The underlying aerodynamic damping mechanism has been verified through flow visualization of phase-averaged results.