Tsoi, A., Hinch, J., Ruth, R., and Gabler, H., "Validation of Event Data Recorders in High Severity Full‑Frontal Crash Tests," SAE Int. J. Trans. Safety 1(1):76-99, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1265.
This study evaluates the accuracy of 41 Event Data Recorders (EDR) extracted from model year 2012 General Motors, Chrysler, Ford, Honda, Mazda, Toyota, and Volvo vehicles subjected to New Car Assessment Program 56 kph full-frontal barrier crash tests. The approach was to evaluate (1) the vehicle longitudinal change in velocity or delta-V (ΔV) as measured by EDRs in comparison with the high-precision accelerometers mounted onboard test vehicles and (2) the accuracy of pre-crash speed, seatbelt buckle status, and frontal airbag deployment status.On average the absolute error for pre-crash speed between the EDR and reference instrumentation was only 0.58 kph, or 1.0% of the nominal impact speed. In all cases in which the EDRs recorded the seatbelt buckle status of the driver or right front passenger, the modules correctly reported that the occupants were buckled. EDRs reported airbag deployment correctly in all of the tests. The average absolute error was 4.20 kph (6.6%) for final longitudinalΔV and 4.32 kph (6.6%) for maximum longitudinal ΔV. Our results show that EDRs underreport the reference instrumentation ΔV in the vast majority of cases.