Jawad, B. and Arslan, S., "Cylinder Head Intake Flow Analysis," SAE Int. J. Fuels Lubr. 6(1):132-136, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1409.
In order to achieve optimum performance from an engine a homogeneous air fuel mixture must enter the combustion chamber. There are a number of factors that affect the mixture; this study focuses on the flow through a cylinder head port. This paper investigates the shape of a cylinder head port effects on the flow of the port and the horsepower and the torque of the engine. Two port shapes were examined, the stock port shape which is round and a modified port shape which is approximately an upside down triangle. By using computational and experimental analysis a direct relationship is demonstrated between the shape of the port and the performance characteristics of the engine.