Gabbasa, A., Jawad, B., Liu, L., and Arslan, S., "Numerical Study of the Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Multi-Element Airfoil NACA 23012," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 6(1):8-16, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1410.
This work aims to numerically investigate the aerodynamic characteristics of a multi-element airfoil NACA 23012. The investigation was conducted through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), using ANSYS FLUENT software. The Navier-Stokes equations were solved for turbulent, incompressible flow using k-epsilon model and SIMPLE algorithm. The study was carried out for both take-off / landing conditions and the results were compared to experimental data of the NACA 23012 from wind tunnel tests. The experimental and computational results for drag and lift coefficients match effectively up to pre-stall attack angles. The pressure coefficients, velocity distribution, and wall Y+ data were presented for different angles of attack (0 deg, 4 deg, and 8 deg). The CFD analysis could help acquire a closer and detailed understanding of airfoil performance, which is usually not easy through normal experimentation. Also, the simulation work could predict the design outcome under various circumstances and help people modify the design for improved or optimized performance.