Abousleiman, R., Al-Refai, A., and Rawashdeh, O., "Charge Capacity Versus Charge Time in CC-CV and Pulse Charging of Li-Ion Batteries," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-1546, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1546.
Due to their high energy density and low self-discharge rates, lithium-ion batteries are becoming the favored solution for portable electronic devices and electric vehicles. Lithium-Ion batteries require special charging methods that must conform to the battery cells' power limits. Many different charging methods are currently used, some of these methods yield shorter charging times while others yield more charge capacity. This paper compares the constant-current constant-voltage charging method against the time pulsed charging method. Charge capacity, charge time, and cell temperature variations are contrasted. The results allow designers to choose between these two methods and select their parameters to meet the charging needs of various applications.