Zhou, L., Herrin, D., and Wu, T., "Simulation of Enclosures Including Attached Duct Work," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6(2):1300-1305, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-1958.
Partial enclosures are commonly utilized to reduce the radiated noise from equipment. Often, enclosure openings are fitted with silencers or louvers to further reduce the noise emitted. In the past, the boundary element method (BEM) has been applied to predict the insertion loss of the airborne path with good agreement with measurement. However, an alteration at the opening requires a new model and additional computational time. In this paper, a transfer function method is proposed to reduce the time required to assess the effect of modifications to an enclosure. The proposed method requires that the impedance at openings be known. Additionally, transfer functions relating the sound pressure at one opening to the volume velocity at other openings must be measured or determined using simulation. It is assumed that openings are much smaller than an acoustic wavelength. The sound power from each opening is determined from the specific acoustic impedance and sound pressure at the opening. The method has been validated using a simulation model for an enclosed engine.