Nakano, K., Tadokoro, C., and Kado, N., "Yawing Angular Misalignment Provides Positive Damping to Suppress Frictional Vibration: Basic Applicability to Disc Brake Systems," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 6(3):1493-1498, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-2069.
A novel method for suppressing frictional vibration in sliding systems without using additional devices (e.g., dampers or actuators) is theoretically proposed. This method is based on the principle that yawing angular misalignment provides positive damping to sliding systems. Even if frictional vibration occurs due to a negative slope of the friction versus velocity characteristic, it can be suppressed by applying a misalignment angle φ that is larger than the critical misalignment angle φcr. To examine the basic applicability of this method to disc brake systems, a braking test at a constant normal load was simulated numerically. It was found that yawing angular misalignment can not only suppress frictional vibration but also shorten the braking time as a secondary effect of suppressing frictional vibration.