Sivakumar, A., Wagh, S., Raghavendra, G., Kulkarni, C. et al., "Elastomer Isolator Gear Design to Meet Noise, Vibration and Durability of Internal Combustion Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-2380, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-2380.
Success of the vehicle in the market depends on comfort provided while usage, which also includes noise, vibration and harshness (NVH). In order to achieve comfort level, the NVH levels have to be as low as possible.Powertrain is the main source of NVH, in which internal combustion engine consists of crank shaft and balancer shaft. Crank shaft gear is connected and driven by crank shaft and balanced by integral eccentric mass coupled with gear. Balancer shaft is used for additional balancing of rotating masses. Pair of crank shaft and balancer shaft gears generates noise and vibration when unbalance in the system and backlash in the gears increase while usage. The practice of interposing a vibration isolator on the surface of gear has been so far resorted for preventing transmission of vibration, therefore reduction in noise.In the work presented, balancer gear was made with sandwich design to reduce noise. Sandwich design comprises of Inner hub and outer ring with lug projections. Special purpose Elastomer is interposed in between inner hub and outer ring to meet NVH and design durability of two cylinder gasoline engine, used for passenger and light commercial vehicle. The recipe of this vibration isolator becomes an important factor in reducing the noise and vibration. The subject work led to successful evaluation of Isolator gear to meet functional targets and requirements.