Choi, B., Park, S., and Lee, Y., "De-NOx Performance of Combined System of Reforming Catalyst and LNT for a DME Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2013-01-2592, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-2592.
Dimethyl ether(DME) is easily reformed into H2, since the chemical structure of DME does not feature direct C-C bonds, in contrast to diesel fuel. We have researched reforming catalysts for effectively generating H2 from the exhaust gases of a DME engine. The objective of this study is to evaluate the de-NOx performance of a combined system of RC(Reforming Catalyst) and LNT(Lean NOx Trap) for a DME engine according to reforming catalysts. The H2 generation of the reforming catalyst was observed under various conditions. CAT-A, CAT-B and CAT-C were prepared as reforming catalysts, and OC(Oxidation Catalyst) and LNT (Lean NOx Trap) were examined as commercial catalysts. The CAT-A catalyst has a higher amount of acid sites compared to the CAT-B and CAT-C catalysts. The CAT-A which is a mixing of mordenite and γ-Al2O3, has the highest H2 yield. However, the H2 yield decreased in the reforming reaction when CO2, NO and O2 coexisted. The NOx conversions of the combined system of fresh and hydrothermally aged CAT-A+LNT are higher by about 8% and 6% than those of the LNT. The NOx conversion over the combined system of CAT-A+LNT applied to the DME engine has been improved at high rpm-load conditions compared to the LNT.