Lee, J. and Cheng, W., "Engine Friction Accounting Guide and Development Tool for Passenger Car Diesel Engines," SAE Int. J. Engines 6(4):1970-1977, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-2651.
The field of automotive engineering has devoted much research to reduce fuel consumption to attain sustainable energy usage. Friction reductions in powertrain components can improve engine fuel economy. Quantitative accounting of friction is complex because it is affected by many physical aspects such as oil viscosity, temperature, surface roughness and component rotation speed.The purpose of this paper is two-fold: first, to develop a useful tool for evaluating the friction in engine and accessories based on test data; second, to exercise the tool to evaluate the fuel economy gain in a drive cycle for several friction reduction technologies.