Bindal, G., Sharma, S., Janser, F., and Neu, E., "Detailed Analysis of Variables Affecting Wing Kinematics of Bat Flight," SAE Int. J. Aerosp. 6(2):811-818, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-01-9003.
Body motions of flying animals can be very complex, especially when the body parts are greatly flexible and they interact with the surrounding fluid. The wing kinematics of an animal flight is governed by a large number of variables and thus the measurement of complete flapping flight is not so simple, making it very complex to understand the contribution of each parameter to the performance and hence, to decide the important parameters for constructing the kinematic model of a bat is nearly impossible. In this paper, the influence of each parameter is uncovered and the variables that a specified reconstruction of bat flight should include in order to maximally reconstruct actual dimensional complexity, have been presented in detail. The effects of the different kinematic parameters on the lift coefficient are being resulted. The computation analysis of the lift coefficient for different camber thicknesses and various wing areas is done by unsteady thin airfoil theory and vortex lattice method, respectively.