Fathali, A., Laurell, M., and Andersson, B., "Fuel-Cut Based Rapid Aging of Commercial Three Way Catalysts - Influence of Fuel-Cut Frequency, Duration and Temperature on Catalyst Activity," SAE Technical Paper 2013-24-0156, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-24-0156.
In order to quantify fuel-cut aging effects on commercial bimetallic Pd/Rh three-way catalysts (TWCs), supported on cerium-zirconium promoted alumina, full-size automotive catalysts were exposed to accelerated fuel-cut aging on an engine test bench, with a variation in temperature, fuel-cut frequency and fuel-cut duration. After aging, samples of the catalysts were tested in a laboratory environment for Light-off temperature (T50), Specific surface area (BET), Dispersion of noble metals and changes in the oxidation state of Pd and Rh.The catalytic tests showed clear deactivation of the aged samples and influence on the TWC's properties. The light off temperature and noble metal dispersion were found to be a clear function of oxygen exposure to the catalysts, i.e. fuel-cut frequency and duration, while the specific surface area was found to be a function of fuel-cut frequency. No changes in oxidation states of Pd and Rh could be detected. The variation in temperature had the lowest influence on the TWC properties among the varied parameters.