Raju, K., Veettil, M., Ray, S., and Shi, F., "Needle Roller Bearing Lubricant Flow CFD Simulations," SAE Technical Paper 2013-26-0041, 2013, doi:10.4271/2013-26-0041.
This work analyzes the lubricant supply to critical regions of needle roller bearing of an automatic transmission. The needle roller bearing is a critical component of an automatic transmission and it has several rotating cylindrical needle rollers that are having relative motion with inner surface of the pinion. Supply of lubricant to the needle roller bearings is very essential to prevent failure of the bearings due to frictional contact between rollers and inner surface of pinion. The supply of lubricant to the needle roller bearings depends on the location of oil supply hole. Lubricant supply to the needle roller bearings of an automatic transmission is studied using commercial 3D Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) software for different oil supply positions. CFD simulation is performed for the region between the pinion supply hole and end of the needle bearings including all needles. Lubricant is supplied to the needle bearing from the pinion pin oil supply hole. This study helps in identifying the oil volume fraction in the critical regions of needle roller bearing with change in oil supply location.