Study of Vehicle Seat Vibration Characteristics through Sensitivity Analysis

Paper #:
  • 2014-01-0032

Published:
  • 2014-04-01
DOI:
  • 10.4271/2014-01-0032
Citation:
Shin, S., Lee, S., and Go, B., "Study of Vehicle Seat Vibration Characteristics through Sensitivity Analysis," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0032, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0032.
Pages:
6
Abstract:
In terms of the responsive quality of cars, reducing the vibration of car seats is very important, as this vibration is transmitted directly to the driver. Here, a sensitivity analysis method was used to reasonably reduce the vibration of car seats at minimal cost. A laboratory test was conducted under two excitation conditions: first, vibration in idle state; second, random vibration not exceeding 100 Hz. To determine the reliability of the laboratory test, the actual vibration in idle state was simulated in a multi-axial simulation table for the idle excitation environment of cars that are sensitive to even the smallest changes in the environment. The frequencies of interest were selected by adding the sums of frequency response functions measured at the 24 nodal points of interest under the two excitation conditions. Sensitivity factors were derived at the 24 nodal points of interest and a design modification plan with relatively large sensitivity factors was suggested to reinforce the overall rigidity of the part modules containing the points of interest. In addition, the vibration characteristics of samples produced according to the design modification plan under the two excitation conditions were comparatively analyzed to verify that the modified design of seats reduces vibration.
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