Liebetrau, T. and Brockerhoff, P., "Motor Control in Auxiliary Drive Systems How to Choose the Best Fitting Electronic Solution," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0323, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0323.
In modern vehicles, the number of small electrical drive systems is still increasing continuously for blowers, fans and pumps as well as for window lifts, sunroofs and doors. Requirements and operating conditions for such systems varies, hence there are many different solutions available for controlling such motors. In most applications, simple, low-cost DC motors are used. For higher requirements regarding operating time and in stop-start capable systems, the focus turns to highly efficient and durable brushless DC motors with electronic commutation.This paper compares various electronic control concepts from a semiconductor vendor point of view. These concepts include discrete control using relays or MOSFETs. Furthermore integrated motor drivers are discussed, including system-on-chip solutions for specific applications, e.g. specific ICs for window lift motors with LIN interface.In most cases, system suppliers have the choice between several electronic partitioning concepts, based on specific technical and economic conditions up to given specific preferences of the supplier.