Tsoi, A., Johnson, N., and Gabler, H., "Validation of Event Data Recorders in Side-Impact Crash Tests," SAE Int. J. Trans. Safety 2(1):130-164, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0503.
This study evaluated the accuracy of 75 Event Data Recorders (EDRs) extracted from model year 2010-2012 Chrysler, Ford, General Motors, Honda, Mazda, and Toyota vehicles subjected to side-impact moving deformable barrier crash tests. The test report and vehicle-mounted accelerometers provided reference values to assess the EDR reported change in lateral velocity (delta-v), seatbelt buckle status, and airbag deployment status.Our results show that EDRs underreported the reference lateral delta-v in the vast majority of cases, mimicking the errors and conclusions found in some longitudinal EDR accuracy studies. For maximum lateral delta-v, the average arithmetic error was −3.59 kph (−13.8%) and the average absolute error was 4.05 kph (15.9%). All EDR reports that recorded a seatbelt buckle status data element correctly recorded the buckle status at both the driver and right front passenger locations. For equipped vehicles that reported side torso, side curtain, and frontal airbag deployment information, all vehicles recorded the correct status. Although only model year 2013 and later EDRs must meet Code of Federal Regulations Title 49 Part 563, seatbelt buckle status and frontal airbag deployment time are required data elements.