Song, X., Myers, J., and Sarnia, S., "Integrated Low Temperature Cooling System Development in Turbo Charged Vehicle Application," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 7(1):163-173, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0638.
The Low Temperature Cooling (LTC) system is commonly developed for secondary cooling function requirements, such as forced induction air cooling, and HEV power electronics module cooling. The large heat transfer capacity of coolant allows for very compact water-cooled heat exchangers to be installed remotely for better underhood aerodynamic characteristics and more compact packaging design. An integrated LTC loop developed on a Hyundai 2.0L Turbo Charged vehicle extends a traditional WCAC (Water-cooled charged air cooler) application to include a water-cooled condenser (WCOND) module. Unlike other published LTC system design approaches, this research project emphasizes underhood airflow improvement strategy and focuses on heat transfer efficiency. This paper discusses the integrated LTC loop configuration, Low Temperature Radiator (LTR) design, coolant flow control, and others. The LTC system prototype design allowed vehicle performance data to prove that a simplified front end cooling module package allows better airflow cooling efficiency.