Li, H. and Hrnjak, P., "Effect of Flow Regime in the Horizontal Inlet Header on Refrigerant-Oil Mixture Distribution in a MAC Microchannel Evaporator," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0701, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0701.
The effect of lubricant on distribution is investigated by relating the flow regime in the horizontal inlet header and the corresponding infrared image of the evaporator. Visualization of the flow regime is performed by high-speed camera. R134a is used as the refrigerant with PAG 46 as lubricant, forming foam in all flow regimes. Quantitative information including foam location, foam layer thickness is obtained using a matlab-based video processing program. Oil circulation rate effect on flow regime is analyzed quantitatively.