Li, B., Yang, X., and Yang, J., "Tire Model Application and Parameter Identification-A Literature Review," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 7(1):231-243, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0872.
A tire may be one of the most critical and complex components in vehicle dynamics and road loads analyses because it serves as the only interface between the road surface and the vehicle. Extensive research and development activities about vehicle dynamics and tire models have been published in the past decades, but it is still not clear about the applications and parameter identification associated with all of these tire models. In this literature review study, various published tire models used for vehicle dynamics and road loads analyses are compared in terms of their modeling approaches, applications and parameters identification process and methodologies. It is hoped that the summary of this literature review work can help clarify and guide the future research and development direction about tire modeling.