Eiliat, H., Nie, X., Tjong, J., and Villafuerte, J., "Outside-Engine Wear Study of Ceramic Coated Cylinder Wall Tribo-System," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-0958, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-0958.
This research focuses on study of feasibility of using ceramic oxide coatings on the cylinder wall of hypoeutectic aluminum silicon alloy engine blocks. Coatings are achieved in an aqueous electrolytic bath and composed of both alpha and gamma phases of Al2O3 and have shown promising wear resistance. Composition and acidity level of the electrolyte creates a variation of surface roughness, coating hardness and thickness which has direct influence on the wear behavior of the sliding surfaces. The effect of load bearing and coating morphology on coefficient of friction was studied. SEM images of the substrate showed no predominant wear behavior or delamination. Coefficient of friction and wear rate were also measured. This study shows the importance of surface structure on oil retention and wear rate. Coarser coatings can be desirable under starved oil condition since they show lower coefficient of friction. This can be explained due to the oil retention structure of coarse coatings with more topographical variance.