Li, Z., He, B., and Zhao, H., "The Influence of Intake Port and Pent-Roof Structures on Reversed Tumble Generation of a Poppet-Valved Two-Stroke Gasoline Engine," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-1130, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1130.
In order to minimize short-circuiting of the intake charge in the poppet-valved 2-stroke engine, measures are taken to generate reversed tumble in the cylinder.In this study, five different types of intake ports and three types of pent-roof geometries were designed and analysed of their ability to generate and maintain reversed tumble flows by means of CFD simulation for their intake processes on a steady flow rig. Their flow characteristics were then assessed and compared to that of the vertical top-entry ports.Results show that the side-entry port designs can achieve comparatively high tumble intensity. The addition of flow deflectors inside the side-entry ports does not have much effect on the reversed tumble ratio. The top-entry ports have the highest flow coefficient among all the intake ports examined as well as producing strong reversed tumble. It is also found that the pent-roof at a wider angle helps to strengthen the tumble intensity due to increased air flow rate.For a valve lift profile with a maximum valve lift of 8 mm, top-entry ports can achieve higher average flow coefficients, whereas side-entry ports can obtain higher tumble ratio. The increase in pent-roof angle significantly enhances the ability to admit air, but the overall tumble inside the chamber is lowered.