Yang, Z., Steffen, T., Stobart, R., and Winward, E., "A Predictive Model of Pmax and IMEP for Intra-Cycle Control," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-1344, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1344.
In order to identify predictive models for a diesel engine combustion process, combustion cylinder pressure together with other fuel path variables such as rail pressure, injector current and sleeve pressure of 1000 continuous cycles were sampled and collected at high resolution.Using these engine steady state test data, three types of modeling approach have been studied. The first is the Auto-Regressive-Moving-Average (ARMA) model which had limited prediction ability for both peak combustion pressure (Pmax) and Indicated Mean Effective Pressure (IMEP). By applying correlation analysis, proper inputs were found for a linear predictive model of Pmax and IMEP respectively. The prediction performance of this linear model is excellent with a 30% fit number for both Pmax and IMEP. Further nonlinear modeling work shows that even a nonlinear Neural Network (NN) model does not have improved prediction performance compared to the linear predictive model.These predictive models have great potential to be implemented online in an adaptive and recursive form for intra-cycle control applications.