May, J., Bosteels, D., and Favre, C., "An Assessment of Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles using PEMS and Chassis Dynamometer Testing," SAE Int. J. Engines 7(3):1326-1335, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1581.
From 1 September 2014 new car types in the EU must meet ‘Euro 6’ emissions requirements. The ‘New European Driving Cycle’ (NEDC) is currently the main test for this, but the European Commission intends to also introduce PEMS (Portable Emissions Measurement Systems)-based procedures to ensure that emissions are well controlled in real use. ‘Random Cycles’ have also been considered and remain a possible option for ‘real world’ particle number measurement. At the same time, the UN Working Party on Pollution and Energy (GRPE) has developed the new Worldwide harmonized Light vehicles Test Procedure (WLTP) that is expected to be adopted in the EU in the near future. To identify and understand the differences in emissions that may arise between these various methodologies, AECC has conducted some initial tests on two modern light-duty vehicles.Chassis dynamometer emissions tests were conducted over the NEDC, the Common Artemis suite of test cycles (CADC), the new Worldwide Light-duty Test Cycle (WLTC - the test cycle for WLTP) and a set of cycles produced by a Random Cycle Generator based on ‘short trip’ segments from the EU database used to construct WLTC. A Portable Emissions Measurement System (PEMS) was used to measure emissions during real driving over pre-selected routes.The test results show that there can be substantial differences for some pollutants measured as ‘real driving emissions’ (RDE) using PEMS equipment, compared to the test cycles.