De la Cruz, M. and Theodossiades, S., "A Direct Comparison between Numerical and Experimental Results for Airborne Noise Levels in Automotive Transmission Rattle," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-1756, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-1756.
In this paper, a direct correlation between transmission gear rattle experiments and numerical models is presented, particularly focusing on the noise levels (dB) measured from a single gear pair test rig. The rig is placed in a semi-anechoic chamber environment to aid the noise measurements and instrumented with laser vibrometers, accelerometers and free field microphones. The input torsional velocity is provided by an electric motor, which is controlled by a signal generator, aiming to introduce an alternating component onto the otherwise nominal speed; thus, emulating the engine orders found in an internal combustion engine. These harmonic irregularities are conceived to be the triggering factor for gear rattle to occur. Hence, the rig is capable of running under rattling and non-rattling conditions.The numerical model used accounts for the gear pair's torsional dynamics, lubricated impacts between meshing teeth and bearing friction.The results show that rattle is indeed triggered by the governing engine orders present in the transmission's primary input shaft. This is seen in the increase of 3-4 dB compared to the same running conditions when a 13 Hz excitation is introduced onto the rig. In addition, the comparison between experimental and numerical data also reveals that gear rattling is an airborne noise phenomenon.