Boix, E., "Definition of a Protocol of Automatic Identification and Notification of Road Accidents and Development of an Advanced eCall System," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-2029, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-2029.
The eNOTIFY project defined an algorithm which allows the vehicle to recognize when an accident has occurred and what kind of accident has taken place (frontal, side, roll-over or rear-end collision).The innovative aspects of this methodology are basically that, for each type of accident and for each class of vehicle, a maximum and minimum level of vehicle accelerations (linear or angular) are defined for the severe accident, slight accident and no accident scenarios. A direct application of this algorithm could be to include it in an on-board unit on vehicles, and use it in emergency call applications. eCall devices have been developed to automatically notify emergency services in the event of an accident, in which a fast and efficient rescue operation can significantly increase the chances of survival of the severely injured. In order to reduce response time and improve the efficiency of the medical and technical services, fast and accurate accident identification is required. This on-board algorithm makes it possible to identify the type and severity of the accident allowing emergency services to respond accordingly; and as such could contribute to saving lives.