Blanchet, D., Golota, A., Zerbib, N., and Mebarek, L., "Wind Noise Source Characterization and How It Can Be Used To Predict Vehicle Interior Noise," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-2052, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-2052.
Recent developments in the prediction of the contribution of wind noise to the interior SPL have opened a realm of new possibilities in terms of i) how the convective and acoustic sources terms can be identified, ii) how the interaction between the source terms and the side glass can be described and finally iii) how the transfer path from the sources to the interior of the vehicle can be modelled. This paper discusses in detail these three aspects of wind noise simulation and recommends appropriate methods to deliver required results at the right time based on i) simulation and experimental data availability, ii) design stage and iii) time available to deliver these results. Several simulation methods are used to represent the physical phenomena involved such as CFD, FEM, BEM, FE/SEA Coupled and SEA. Furthermore, a 1D and 2D wavenumber transformation is used to extract key parameters such as the convective and the acoustic component of the turbulent flow from CFD and/or experimental data whenever available. This paper focuses on process implementation and presents simulation results from coarse to detailed simulation models and compares these with experimental data.