Sun, S., Chang, Y., Wang, X., Fu, Q. et al., "Validation Study for the Introduction of an Aerodynamic Development Process of Heavy Trucks," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-2444, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-2444.
A challenge for the aerodynamic optimization of trucks is the limited availability of wind tunnels for testing full scale trucks. FAW wants to introduce a development process which is mainly based on CFD simulation in combination with some limited amount of wind tunnel testing. While maturity of CFD simulation for truck aerodynamics has been demonstrated in recent years, a complete validation is still required before committing to a particular process. A 70% scale model is built for testing in the Shanghai Automotive Wind Tunnel Center (SAWTC). Drag and surface pressures are measured for providing a good basis for comparison to the simulation results. The simulations are performed for the truck in the open road driving condition as well as in an initial digital model of the aerodynamic wind tunnel of SAWTC. A full size truck is also simulated in the open road driving condition to understand the scaling effect. As a 70% scale model of a heavy truck is seen to be close to the limits of the SAWTC wind tunnel, an attempt is made to understand possible wind tunnel effects by including an approximate geometry of the wind tunnel in the simulations of the scale model.