Long, W., Zhang, Q., Tian, J., Wang, Y. et al., "A Study of Combustion Phasing Control and Emissions in Jet Controlled Compression Ignition Engines," SAE Technical Paper 2014-01-2671, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-01-2671.
To directly control the premixed combustion phasing, a novel method called Jet Controlled Compression Ignition (JCCI) is investigated. Experiments were conducted on a single cylinder natural aspirated diesel engine at 3000 r/min without EGR. Numerical model was validated by pressure and heat release rate curves at a fixed spark timing. The simulation results showed that the reacting active radical species with high temperature issued from ignition chamber played an important role on the onset of combustion in JCCI system. The combustion of diesel pre-mixtures was initiated rapidly by the combustion products issued from ignition chamber. Consequently, the experiments of spark timing sweep were conducted to verify the above deduction. The results showed a good linear relationship between spark timing and CA10 and CA50, which validated the ability for direct combustion phasing control in diesel premixed combustion. The NOx and Soot emissions gradually changed with decrease of spark advance angle. The maximum reduction of NOx and Soot were both over 90%.