Albers, A., Matros, K., Behrendt, M., Henschel, J. et al., "Maneuver-Based Analysis of Starting-Systems and Starting-Strategies for the Internal Combustion Engine in Full Hybrid Electric Vehicles," SAE Int. J. Alt. Power. 4(1):58-66, 2015, doi:10.4271/2014-01-2901.
The requirement of the start of the internal combustion engine (ICE) not only at vehicle standstill is new for full hybrid electric vehicles in comparison to conventional vehicles. However, the customer will not accept any deterioration with respect to dynamics and comfort. ICE-starting-systems and -strategies have to be designed to meet those demands.Within this research, a method was developed which allows a reproducible maneuver-based analysis of ICE-starts. In the first step, a maneuver catalogue including a customer-oriented maneuver program with appropriate analysis criteria was defined. Afterwards, the maneuvers were implemented and verified in a special test bench environment. Based on the method, two sample hybrid vehicles were benchmarked according to the maneuver catalogue.The benchmarking results demonstrate important dependencies between the criteria-based assessment of ICE-starts and the embedded ICE-starting-system and -strategy. Those findings led to recommendations regarding the selection of suitable starting-systems and the design of the starting-strategy.