Manikandan, T., Ameer, S., Sivakumar, A., and Dhinagar, S., "Load Control Module in a Two Wheeler," SAE Technical Paper 2014-32-0027, 2014, doi:10.4271/2014-32-0027.
The proposed paper is on electrical energy conservation in a two wheeler. Electrical energy generation adds a 12% load torque on an engine and hence saving electrical energy would ultimately reduce the consumption of fuel. Load Control Module (LCM) is a single intelligent device which is placed in between electrical energy generation and consumption. The module controls and distributes energy to the corresponding loads depending on parameters like battery voltage, engine RPM, overhead light illumination levels and load usage time. The module prioritizes battery charging for prolonging the life of the battery. The Module has a microcontroller and load drivers and it is programmed with a novel algorithm for prioritization and energy distribution with respect to input conditions. A vehicle fitted with the Load Control Module was tested in city driving cycle (CDC) condition as per ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) standard and it was found that the electrical loading decreased to about 30% when compared to vehicle with uncontrolled loading. Apart from saving energy the module has other advantages like prolonging the life of the load bulbs by maintaining the voltage across them to permissible levels when the supply voltage fluctuates because of any reason.The proposed module is an attempt towards electrical energy conservation which will finally result in less fuel being burnt and thereby producing relatively less carbon footprint. This Module also does cater to the needs of customers who constantly pursue attractive features in a two wheeler.