Deng, Y., Chen, Y., Xie, L., and Xu, M., "Research on Torsional Characteristic of Separate Frame Construction for a Light Off-Road Vehicle," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0014, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0014.
A key problem of designing a light off-road vehicle with separate frame construction is to improve its torsional characteristic, which has a significant influence on the performance of the vehicle. Inevitably, a certain distortion of the body would be produced by the vibration and impact passing from the road. In present research, an analysis model of light off-road vehicle is established based on the theories and methods of finite element (FEM). The static stiffness of the body is simulated and the deformation of openings on the body, mainly the windows and the doors of the vehicle is studied. On the working conditions of torsion and braking combination, torsion and cornering combination, diagonal dangling, ultimate torsion of unilateral wheels and diagonal wheels, the static strength of separate frame construction is studied as well. The stress concentration regions are obtained according to the results of simulation. Theoretically, this paper studied the torsional characteristic of separate frame construction in terms of static stiffness and static strength and the most vulnerable regions are figured out, which offers an important support for the optimization of vehicle structure.