Wang, C., Shi, W., Wang, Y., and Shi, T., "One Calculation Method of the Contact Load of a Two-Level Variable Stiffness Suspension," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0042, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0042.
This paper presented one calculation method of the contact load, which is the load acted on the spring at the moment when the second-level stiffness of the spring just begins to work. In the proposed method, the contact load calculation mainly based on the dynamic load of the unsprung mass and the road grades and the commonly driving speed were also considered. A semiempirical formula of the contact load was put forward. Then the contact load of the commercial bus's rear suspension was respectively calculated by using the proposed formula and traditional methods(geometric mean method and average load method) to compare each other and to verify the new method. Later, the spring samples were respectively manufactured based on the calculation results. At last, the validation tests were respectively performed in an automotive proving ground. The test results showed that the proposed method is suitable for calculating the contact load of two-level variable stiffness spring and will remain as a reference for variable stiffness spring producers and designers.