Puphunwivat, T., "Real Driving Emissions - A Game Changer for the Industry?: Mastering On-Road Emissions Targets with Integrated Vehicle Testing Solution AVL M.O.V.E," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0056, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0056.
Today heavy duty trucks, passenger cars and non-road machinery are certified in emission labs via common legislative test cycles. Recent benchmark studies clearly show that the real driving emissions of vehicles highly exceed the regulatory emission limits which are used for the certification on the test cycles. It was found that this gap was even further increasing over the past decade for passenger cars.EPA introduced Portable Emission Measurement Systems (PEMS) testing on the road for heavy duty trucks already since 2007 followed by Europe in 2013 with EU VI to tackle this problem. Now European Commission is introducing first time the similar approach for passenger cars with the real driving emission regulation (RDE) from EU6b (September 2014) on.RDE is imposing new challenges and complexity on today's approach for the development of vehicles and engines. There is certainly no single bullet to battle the ever increasing complexity but a complete solution portfolio makes the difference.