Zellmer, T., Rodriguez, J., Wagner, J., Alexander, K. et al., "Development and Evaluation of a Portable Driving Performance and Analysis System for Education Purposes," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0259, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0259.
According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), motor collisions account for nearly 2.4 million injuries and 37 thousand fatalities each year in the United States. A great deal of research has been done in the area of vehicular safety, but very little has been completed to ensure licensed drivers are properly trained. Given the inherent risks in driving itself, the test for licensure should be uniform and consistent. To address this issue, an inexpensive, portable data acquisition and analysis system has been developed for the evaluation of driver performance. A study was performed to evaluate the system, and each participant was given a normalized driver rating. The average driver rating was μ=55.6, with a standard deviation of σ=12.3. All but 3 drivers fell into the so-called “Target Zone”, defined by a Driver Rating of μ± 1σ. Given a large enough pool of drivers, a universal standard “acceptable” driver rating could be established, providing a benchmark against which instructors could evaluate their students performance. This capability would improve both the quality of driver education and the uniformity of licensure testing.