Suspension plays an essential role in vehicle's handling stability and riding comfort. This paper discusses a novel suspension that has the capacity to trace a straight line in theory. Therefore it is called rectilinear suspension. So the alignment parameters are invariable during jounce and rebound if the elasticity of suspension components is ignored. According to the structure characteristics of the rectilinear suspension, it is suitable to mount on the rear axle. To evaluate its performance, the dynamics model is established through ADAMS. Moreover, a comparison of the rectilinear suspension with the twin-trapezoidal link suspension is carried out. Further, the K&C test results show that the alignment parameters of the rectilinear suspension are almost invariable compared with MacPherson suspension.