Zhang, W., Lynch, M., and Reynolds, R., "A Practical Simulation Procedure using CFD to Predict Flow Induced Sound of a Turbocharger Compressor," SAE Int. J. Passeng. Cars - Mech. Syst. 8(2):521-525, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0662.
A turbocharger is currently widely used to boost performance of an internal combustion engine. Generally, a turbocharger consists of a compressor which typically is driven by an exhaust turbine. The compressor will influence how the low frequency engine pulsation propagates in the intake system. The compressor will also produce broad-band flow induced sound due to the turbulence flow and high frequency narrowband tonal sound which is associated with rotating blade pressures. In this paper, a practical simulation procedure based on a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) approach is developed to predict the flow induced sound of a turbocharger compressor. In the CFD model of turbocharger compressor, the unsteady, moving wheel, detached eddy simulation (DES) approach are utilized. In this manner, both the broad-band and narrow-band flow induced sound are directly resolved in the CFD computation. Two operating points in the compressor performance map are selected and the sound pressure level (SPL) across the compressor is computed at these operating points. Several observation and conclusions are drawn based on the simulation results.