Miyadera, T., "Development of Fuel Filler Tube with Enhanced Adhesion Coating System on Ferrite Stainless Steel for LEV III," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 8(3):932-936, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0730.
A pre-treatment technique for improving coating adhesion on stainless steel has been developed. This method dramatically enhances the adhesion between the stainless steel and the coating by pre-treating the stainless steel with a known nickel strike plating for a short period of time.Furthermore, when this process was applied to stainless fuel filler pipes to improve corrosion resistance, layout restrictions and chipping covers became unnecessary, costs were reduced, and vehicle weight was lowered.