Oh, W. and Pang, S., "Physical Properties of Leather-Feeling Coatings for Automotive Interior," SAE Int. J. Mater. Manf. 8(2):539-543, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0735.
The performance of the car, as well as the emotional quality is an important factor as the product and the importance of automotive interior materials is getting increasing. With expandable microspheres at a constant temperature, leather -feeling surface can be implemented and it could express not 2-dimensional feeling but 3-dimensional feeling (bushed or suede-like feeling). For the automotive parts, leather-feeling coatings similar to feeling of leather could was developed and could correspond to emotional quality of consumer.