Yin, L., Ingesson, G., Shamun, S., Tunestal, P. et al., "Sensitivity Analysis of Partially Premixed Combustion (PPC) for Control Purposes," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0884, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0884.
Partially Premixed Combustion (PPC) is a promising advanced combustion mode for future engines. In order to investigate the sensitivity of PPC to exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) rate, intake gas temperature, intake gas pressure, and injection timing, these parameters were swept individually at three different loads in a single cylinder diesel engine with gasoline-like fuel.A factor of sensitivity was defined to indicate the combustion's controllability and sensitivity to inlet gas parameters and injection timings. Through analysis of experimental results, a control window of inlet gas parameters and injection timings is obtained at different loads in PPC mode from 5 bar to 10 bar IMEPg load at 1200 rpm.To further study the PPC controllability with injection timing, main injection timing was adjusted to sustain steady combustion phasing subject to perturbation of inlet gas state. Experimental results show that the main injection timing can resist the interference of intake parameters and maintain constant combustion phasing. Injection timing control is a promising approach to maintain high engine efficiency and low emission levels during transient operation.