Payri, R., Gimeno, J., Marti-Aldaravi, P., and Carreres, M., "Assessment on Internal Nozzle Flow Initialization in Diesel Spray Simulations," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-0921, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0921.
Proper initial conditions are essential to successfully perform a simulation, especially for highly transient problems such as Diesel spray injection. Until now, no much attention has been paid to the internal nozzle flow initialization because spray simulations are usually decoupled from the nozzle. However, new homogeneous models like Eulerian Spray Atomization (ESA) model allow to simulate the internal nozzle flow and the spray seamlessly. Therefore, the behavior of the spray for the first microseconds is highly influenced by the initial conditions inside the nozzle. Furthermore, last experiments confirm the presence of gas inside the nozzle between successive injections. This work deals with the initialization procedure in a way that mass flow rate and spray penetration curves are well predicted by the model.