Rauch, D., Kubinski, D., Cavataio, G., Upadhyay, D. et al., "Ammonia Loading Detection of Zeolite SCR Catalysts using a Radio Frequency based Method," SAE Int. J. Engines 8(3):1126-1135, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-0986.
Ammonia adsorption on the catalyst surface is a crucial step in the selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides over zeolites with NH3 as the reducing agent. In this study, two small pore zeolites with chabazite frameworks, H-SSZ-13 and Cu exchanged SSZ-13, are examined. Adsorption of NH3 on the zeolite causes changing electrical properties of the material. They can be detected by a radio frequency based technique. We have found that with this method it is possible to determine the amount of adsorbed NH3 on these catalysts, examining both the influences of temperature and NH3/NO feed gas ratio. At constant temperature, a fairly linear correlation between the resonance frequency and the amount of adsorbed ammonia was observed. Furthermore, this method also allows differentiation between some of the NH3 adsorption sites.