Chu, H., Chen, Y., Guo, L., Gao, B. et al., "Application of Slope Sensor in Hill-Start to AMT (Automated Manual Transmission) Vehicles," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1108, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1108.
In order to improve the drivability and reduce the clutch friction loss, low-cost slope sensor is used in hill-start control of AMT vehicles. After the power spectrum analysis of the original signal and the design of the digital filter, the angle of the slope is obtained with short enough delay and small enough noise. By using this slope angle information, slope resistance force can be calculated online so that the vehicle can be prevented from sliding backward and optimal launch control can be realized. The digital filter of slope angle signal and the optimal controller of dry clutch engagement are embedded in the TCU (Transmission Control Unit) of a micro-car Geely Panda. Real-vehicle experiments are carried out with optimal clutch controller, which shows that the hill-start with low-cost slope sensor and optimal clutch controller can provide successful vehicle launch with little driveline shock. In addition, it can also avoid backward sliding and engine over-speed effectively. Furthermore, hill-start with low-cost slope sensor and optimal clutch controller can reduce clutch wear, extend the life of dry clutch and improve the drivability.