Li, Y., Zhao, H., Stansfield, P., and Freeland, P., "Synergy between Boost and Valve Timings in a Highly Boosted Direct Injection Gasoline Engine Operating with Miller Cycle," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1262, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1262.
Gasoline engine downsizing has become a popular and effective approach to reduce CO2 emissions from passenger cars. This is typically achieved in the form of a boosted direct injection gasoline engine, which are typically equipped with variable valve timing (VVT) devices on the intake and/or exhaust valves.This paper describes the synergies between valve timings and boost based on experimental investigations in a single cylinder gasoline direct injection spark ignited (DISI) engine with variable cam phasing on both the intake and exhaust cams. Two cam profiles have been tested to realize Miller cycle and compared with the standard camshaft. One cam features a long opening duration and standard valve lift for Late Intake Valve Closing (LIVC) and the other cam has a short opening duration and low valve lift for Early Intake Valve Closing (EIVC). An external boost rig was used to provide adjustable pressurized air charge, allowing conditions of up to 4000rpm and 25.6 bar NIMEP to be studied.Results have shown that the EIVC cam produced the best net Indicated Specific Fuel Consumption (ISFC) among the three cam profiles, with up to 11% improvement in net ISFC relative to the standard cam profile. The benefits of late split injections have also been studied to overcome the issue of low combustion speed when using low valve lift.