Mattarelli, E. and Rinaldini, C., "Two-Stroke Gasoline Engines for Small-Medium Passenger Cars," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1284, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1284.
Among all the reciprocating internal combustion engines, gasoline two-strokes can reach the highest specific power, making this technology a natural enabler of downsizing and/or down-speeding. In addition, multi-cylinder 2-stroke engines may be an ideal match for electrical superchargers, providing very efficient power units.The paper explores through CFD-1d simulations and empirical hypotheses the potential of a 3-cylinder, 1.0 liter, GDI 2-stroke turbocharged engine featuring a patented rotary valve for the optimization of the scavenging process, the latter being of the loop type (piston-controlled ports). The lubrication system is the same of a 4-stroke engine (no crankcase pumps). The supercharging system is made up of a turbocharger and an electric compressor, serially connected. The power of the electric compressor is limited to 2 kW, in order to comply with standard automotive 12 V electric systems.The proposed engine easily achieves the goal of 95 kW at 4500 rpm, and 210 Nm at 1500 rpm, resulting also quite fuel efficient at any operating conditions (best point: 211 g/kWh, achieved with stratified charge).