Selvakumar, P., Mahajan, A., Murasolimaran, R., and Elango, C., "CAE Prediction and Test Correlation for Tractor Roll-over Protective Structure (ROPS)," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1476, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1476.
Roll-over protective structures (ROPS) are safety devices which provide a safe environment for the tractor operator during an accidental rollover. The ROPS must pass either a dynamic or static testing sequence or both in accordance with SAE J2194. These tests examine the performance of ROPS to withstand a sequence of loadings and to see if the clearance zone around the operator station remains intact in the event of an overturn. In order to shorten the time and reduce the cost of new product development, non-linear finite element (FE) analysis is practiced routinely in ROPS design and development. By correlating the simulation with the results obtained from testing a prototype validates the CAE model and its assumptions.The FE analysis follows SAE procedure J2194 for testing the performance of ROPS. The Abaqus version 6.12 finite element software is used in the analysis, which includes the geometric, contact and material nonlinear options. Simulation results such as plastic deformation and energy absorption during the sequence of loading conditions were compared with the results of prototype testing. Reasonably good correlation was observed between the experimental and FE results, which shows that the FE model is validated against the experimental model.