De Cuyper, T., Fossaert, G., Collet, O., Broekaert, S. et al., "Calibration of a TFG Sensor for Heat Flux Measurements in a S.I. Engine," SAE Int. J. Engines 8(4):1692-1700, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1645.
In the development of internal combustion engines, measurements of the heat transfer to the cylinder walls play an important role. These measurements are necessary to provide data for building a model of the heat transfer, which can be used to further develop simulation tools for engine optimization. This research will focus on the Thin Film Gauge (TFG) heat flux sensor. This sensor consists of a platinum RTD (Resistance Temperature Detector) on an insulating Macor® (ceramic) substrate. The sensor has a high frequency response (up to 100 kHz) and is small and robust. These properties make the TFG sensor adequate for measurements in the combustion chamber of an internal combustion engine. To use this sensor, its thermal properties - namely the temperature sensitivity coefficient and the thermal product - must be correctly calibrated. First, different calibration setups with a different temperature range are used to calibrate the temperature sensitivity coefficient of the TFG sensor. These results will be analyzed and discussed. Second, the DED (Double Electrical Discharge) calibration setup for the thermal product is extensively discussed.