Wang, A. and Yen, J., "Ultra Low Power LED Fog Lamp with Sharp cut-off optics for Electric Vehicle," SAE Technical Paper 2015-01-1702, 2015, doi:10.4271/2015-01-1702.
This paper presents a novel technology to achieve very power (4W, 3.2W LED+0.8W driver) FOG lamp by single LED design which is much enhanced than the existing 2-3 LEDs solutions. This design saves 92.7% energy than conventional Halogen lamp (55W) and saves 38.4% than existing LED FOG lamp (6.5W).The optical design adopts the optimized multifaceted reflector, with precise and unique optimization design scheme, we are able to generate a very sharp cut-off line with a 3.2W LED to enable stronger light penetration in low vision weather condition. The efficiency of multifaceted reflector optics in this study is 50.9% which is 27% higher than the existing reflector design. Design details, anti-block skills and the manufacturing tolerance control are analyzed in this paper. The total light output of the LED fog lamp is 210lm; the L6-line minimal is 4200cd above the ECE R19 requirement of 2700cd.Furthermore, by taking advantages of this low power and simpler design, additional features like low weight and embedded electronics are able to gain. The weight of this FOG lamp is reduced of 24.7% by plastic-aluminum hybrid housing.