2,5-dimethylfuran (DMF) and 2-methylfuran (MF) have attracted attention as new biofuels. To utilize furans as alternative fuels, fundamental studies on the combustion characteristics are required. In this study, the ignition delay times of DMF were measured using a rapid compression machine and compared with those of gasoline and ethanol. To investigate the effect of the addition of DMF to gasoline, the ignition delay times of DMF-gasoline surrogate fuel blends were also measured. The ignition delay times of DMF were longer than those of gasoline and shorter than those of ethanol. The simulation results using the DMF kinetic model were in reasonable agreement with those of the experiments.